MAHONING County, OH
Mahoning County is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 228,614. Its county seat and largest city is Youngstown. The county is named for a Lenape word meaning "at the licks" or "there is a lick", referring to the salt licks in the area. Mahoning County was formed on March 1, 1846; the 83rd county in Ohio. Until 1846, the area that is now Mahoning County was part of Trumbull and Columbiana counties, when the counties in the area were redefined and Mahoning County emerged as a new county.
Mahoning County is part of the Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Prior to its formation of a county in 1846, Mahoning County was a destination for a family of Huguenot refugees in the early 1800s.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of , of which is land and (3.2%) is water.
200px|thumb|left|A pyramid showing the age distribution of the county.
As of the census of 2000, there were 257,555 people, 102,587 households, and 68,835 families living in the county. The population density was 620 people per square mile (239/km2). There were 111,762 housing units at an average density of 269 per square mile (104/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 81.04% White, 15.87% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.03% from other races, and 1.38% from two or more races. 2.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
93.1% spoke English, 2.6% Spanish, 1.0% Italian, and 0.5% Greek as their first language.
There were 102,587 households, out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.00% were married couples living together, 14.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.90% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.70% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 17.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,248, and the median income for a family was $44,185. Males had a median income of $36,313 versus $23,272 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,818. About 9.60% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.10% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 census, there were 238,823 people, 98,712 households, and 62,676 families living in the county. The population density was . There were 111,833 housing units at an average density of . The racial makeup of the county was 79.9% white, 15.7% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.4% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 21.4% were German, 18.4% were Italian, 16.6% were Irish, 8.9% were English, and 4.2% were American.
Of the 98,712 households, 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.7% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.5% were non-families, and 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 42.9 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $40,123 and the median income for a family was $52,489. Males had a median income of $44,516 versus $31,969 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,824. About 12.6% of families and 16.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.9% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.
According to the county's 2019 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the county are:
Mahoning County is historically Democratic-leaning, voting for the Democratic presidential candidate in every election from 1976 through 2016. Between 1976 and 2012 Mahoning County voted Democratic by at least a margin of 17 percentage points for every election. In 2016, Hillary Clinton won the county over Donald Trump by 3.3 percent, the smallest margin since 1972; in 2012, Barack Obama carried the county over Mitt Romney by a solid 28.3 percent. However, in 2020, Donald Trump flipped the county Republican for the first time since Richard Nixon's national landslide victory in 1972, carrying it by a margin of 1.9 percentage points.
At the statewide level, Mahoning County generally votes Democratic as well. Since 1970, the county has only voted Republican twice at the gubernatorial level – in the landslide elections of 1994 and 2014.
Mahoning County is split between two U.S. congressional districts: Ohio's 13th Congressional District and Ohio's 6th Congressional District. The respective standing representatives as of the 2020 election are Congressman Tim Ryan and Congressman Bill Johnson.
Ohio House of Representatives
Ohio State Senate
United States House of Representatives
United States Senate
Colleges and universities
Community, junior, and technical colleges
Public school districts
thumb|300 px|Map of Mahoning County, Ohio with municipal and township labels
A portion of Fairfield Township, Columbiana County, also extends into southern Mahoning County.
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Mahoning County.
* majority of municipality in Mahoning County
** minority of municipality in Mahoning County
† county seat
This page uses material from the Wikipedia article Mahoning County, OH, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 4.0.