COLUMBIANA County, OH
Columbiana County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 101,877. The county seat is Lisbon. The county name is derived from the explorer of the Americas, Christopher Columbus.
Columbiana County comprises the Salem, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the larger Youngstown-Warren, OH-PA Combined Statistical Area. Due to its location, Columbiana County is traditionally considered a part of Appalachian Ohio. While northern communities are more associated with Northeast Ohio, southern communities generally share more in common culturally with Greater Pittsburgh and the Upper Ohio Valley. The largely rural county sits midway between the two urban clusters.
Officially considered part of the Youngstown media market, the Steubenville market media stations regularly report in the area as well.
The principal historic Indian tribes in the area were the Wyandots, Mingoes, and Delawares. Throughout the second half of the 18th century white explorers, starting with Christopher Gist in 1750, came to the area. George Washington, while engaged in land examinations, camped in the area of present-day East Liverpool in 1774.
Columbiana County was founded in 1803 and named in honor of Christopher Columbus, combining his surname with the suffix -iana. The county was the scene of one of the northernmost action fought during the American Civil War; on July 26, 1863 Confederate raiders under John Morgan were surrounded and captured by Union forces at the Battle of Salineville.
The county was home to the largest pottery industry in the world, in East Liverpool & surrounding communities, which produced more than half of the United States' annual ceramics output. Throughout East Liverpool's ceramics history, there were more than 300 potteries.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of , of which is land and (0.5%) is water.
left|thumb|225px|Map showing 2012 Appalachian Regional Commission economic designations for Appalachian Ohio, with Columbiana County marked as "transitional".
As of the census of 2000, there were 112,075 people, 42,973 households, and 30,682 families residing in the county. The population density was 210 people per square mile (81 per km2). There were 46,083 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile (33/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.43% White, 2.20% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 1.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.0% were of German, 12.9% English, 12.8% American, 12.3% Irish and 9.3% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 42,973 households, out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.10% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.30% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $34,226, and the median income for a family was $40,486. Males had a median income of $32,134 versus $20,331 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,655. About 9.00% of families and 11.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 8.40% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 107,841 people, 42,683 households, and 29,101 families residing in the county. The population density was . There were 47,088 housing units at an average density of . The racial makeup of the county was 95.5% white, 2.2% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 29.2% were German, 17.7% were Irish, 14.6% were English, 9.1% were Italian, and 7.6% were American.
Of the 42,683 households, 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.8% were non-families, and 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 42.3 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $39,502 and the median income for a family was $48,948. Males had a median income of $39,614 versus $27,179 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,635. About 12.1% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.6% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.
Unlike most counties in Northeast Ohio, Columbiana County has been predominantly Republican throughout most of its history. In only eight elections from 1856 to the present has a Democratic Party candidate won the county, the most recent being Bill Clinton in 1996. Despite this, the county was a swing county in the latter half of the 20th century, voting for the national winner in all but two elections from 1952 to 2004. However, it has trended strongly Republican in recent elections, with the party's candidates garnering increasing amounts of the vote in each presidential election from 2000 on. This trend was most apparent in 2016 when Donald Trump posted the best showing by a Republican in the county since Herbert Hoover in 1928 with a 41.4 point margin of victory over Hillary Clinton.
Ohio House of Representatives
Ohio State Senate
United States House of Representatives
United States Senate
Colleges and universities
Community, junior, and technical colleges
Public school districts
thumb|300 px|Map of Columbiana County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Columbiana County.
* majority of municipality in Columbiana County
** minority of municipality in Columbiana County
† county seat
This page uses material from the Wikipedia article Columbiana County, OH, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 4.0.