Common Causes Of Heart Failure In Aging Adults

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Updated on Jul 19, 2021

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Cardiovascular disease is an abnormal condition of the heart which is caused due to several health issues. Conditions like diabetes, kidney failures, high blood pressure and obesity increase heart failures. The heart rhythm gets disrupted, and thus there occur several life-threatening symptoms due to blockage of the artery walls for the deposition of the body fats, etc. Ageing adults should always get heart failure treatment within time to avoid several heart and health issues. In addition, proper medications may help some individuals prevent heart attack risks, and heart surgery can reverse the fatal risks that a person faces.

1. Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease affects the inner lining of the arteries and thus restricts the flow of blood and oxygen to the blood. The inner linings of the arteries become thick due to the deposition of fats, and thus the transfer of blood to the heart becomes strenuous. The blockage of these vessels and arteries creates chest pain, and other symptoms of heart disease are noticed.

2. Heart Attack

Due to the deposition of fats in the walls of arteries, the heart fails to pump more blood and oxygen to every area of the heart muscles. Gradually the cells of the heart die, and the size of the heart increases, and the heart gets stiffer. An average heart muscle intakes and pumps more blood and oxygen to the muscles than it can, therefore distressing its functionality.

3. Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy does not occur due to problems in the walls of the arteries or the flow of the blood. But, it takes place due to the regular intake of alcohol, drugs and regular smoking habits. It may also happen due to genetic disorders or due to pregnancy problems. Cardiomyopathy causes effects in the heart muscles, and thus, there is an enlargement of the heart muscles.

4. Congenital Heart Disease

Congenital heart disease occurs when there is any disruption in the normal development of the heart. It is noticed that the disease is caused when there is a significant disruption in the development of the heart of the fetus during the first six weeks of pregnancy period. The condition creates many heart muscles and sends more blood to the lungs, producing much pressure on the heart.

5. High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure defines that the heart requires more force to pump the blood and oxygen into the heart muscles and the different tissues. As a result, the blood vessels and the arteries experience much stress in the blood. The left ventricle thus becomes thick and stiff, and the walls of the arteries get thinner leading to coronary artery disease.

6. Arrhythmia

Heart Arrhythmia occurs due to the disruptions in the electrical impulses that cause an irregular heartbeat. It is generally caused if the individual gets addicted to regular smoking, alcohol consumption, and strenuous activities. Chemical drugs and other medicines are also responsible for heart Arrhythmia. Sometimes the irregular heartbeat shows life-threatening signs and symptoms. Therefore, a proper heart failure treatment should be performed to avoid these cardiac risks.

7. Kidney Diseases

When the kidneys get damaged, an enzyme named Renin is released too much, which helps control the blood pressure and increases the risk of heart failures, congestive heart attacks, and strokes. It also decreases the pump of blood and oxygen to the heart muscles leading to several heart diseases. The kidney disease also makes the individual tired, and thus the patient becomes fatigued.

8. Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease that occurs due to the increased level of sugar or glucose in the blood. The high sugar level in the blood causes more pressure to pump blood into the arteries and creates a negative impact on the walls of the arteries. As a result, the individual suffering from diabetes feels dizzy, chest pain, and pain in the shoulders, arms, and limbs.

9. Obesity

Obesity occurs due to the surged level of fats in the body parts. Due to the increased fat deposition in the walls of the arteries, there is less transfer of oxygen into the heart walls. Also, the transfer of blood into the different vessels decreases, leading to fatal heart diseases.

10. Medications Of Cancer

The treatment of cancer includes various processes such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, which negatively impact the health of the developing heart. In addition, the drugs that are used for the treatment of the cancer cells create angina and other heart problems leading to a heart attack.


Proper medications are imperative to cure cardiovascular diseases. In addition, adequate maintenance of a balanced diet, regular health exercises and weight management should be carried to treat cardiac and vascular health issues. Avoiding consuming alcohol and breaking smoking habits should avoid the arteries' blockage and maintain relevant cardiac health. Max Healthcare is one of the best cardiac healthcare in India and provides heart failure treatment. There should always be a consultancy with a professional doctor to maintain proper cardiac and vascular health.
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