Hopland (formerly Sanel) is a census-designated place in Mendocino County, California. It is located on the west bank of the Russian River south-southeast of Ukiah, in the Sanel Valley, at an elevation of 502 feet (153 m). The population was 756 at the 2010 census.
Hopland is a small town of fewer than 800 people located at the start of the Redwoods of Northern California. It is about a 90-minute drive along U.S. Route 101 north of San Francisco, and a 30-minute drive along State Route 175 to California's largest natural lake, Clear Lake. It is a rustic farming community situated among oak-covered coastal foothills. Summer temperatures can exceed .
Historic buildings in town include the old Hopland High School (c. 1923–1965), currently the well known and beloved Bluebird Cafe, the Brutocao Cellars tasting room; as well as the Thatcher Hotel, built in the late 1800s and recently reopened after undergoing a complete renovation. Other establishments in Hopland include Cafe Poppy, The Golden Pig, Hopland Tap House, Brutocao Cellars, Saracina Winery, Campovida Winery and Fetzer Vineyards, a major producer of both red and white wines in North America, including Zinfandel, Chardonnay and Merlot.
Approximately east of Hopland is the University of California's [http://hrec.ucanr.edu/ Hopland Research and Extension Center] (formerly called the "Hopland Field Station"), a research and education facility that UC has operated since 1951.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of , 98.65% of it land, and 1.35% of it water.
The settlement that became Hopland was originally called Sanel. Over the years it was centered on either side of the Russian River. Sanel began on the west bank of the river in 1859. In 1874, the town moved to the east bank to be connected to the toll road built to there. When the railroad arrived on the west side of the river, the town moved back to its original site, leaving Old Hopland () on the east bank.
The Sanel post office opened in 1860, closed for a time in 1869, moved and changed its name to Hopland in 1879, reverted to its original site and name in 1890, and finally changed its name back to Hopland in 1891. The town gets its name from the fact that from the 1870s to the mid-1950s, much of the region’s economy was based on the growing and drying of bitter hops, a key flavoring and preservative in beer. This began in 1868 when L.F. Long established the first hop farm some east, where the railroad station called Largo (Spanish for "long") was later located. Downy mildew pushed hops out of the area completely by the late 1950s.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Hopland had a population of 756. The population density was 211.6 people per square mile (81.7/km). The racial makeup of Hopland was 521 (68.9%) White, 4 (0.5%) African American, 38 (5.0%) Native American, 10 (1.3%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 142 (18.8%) from other races, and 41 (5.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 263 persons (34.8%).
The Census reported that 739 people (97.8% of the population) lived in households, 17 (2.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 263 households, out of which 94 (35.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 117 (44.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 37 (14.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 29 (11.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 28 (10.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 4 (1.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 56 households (21.3%) were made up of individuals, and 12 (4.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81. There were 183 families (69.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.27.
The population was spread out, with 195 people (25.8%) under the age of 18, 77 people (10.2%) aged 18 to 24, 211 people (27.9%) aged 25 to 44, 216 people (28.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 57 people (7.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 124.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 122.6 males.
There were 287 housing units at an average density of 80.3 per square mile (31.0/km), of which 109 (41.4%) were owner-occupied, and 154 (58.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.1%. 272 people (36.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 467 people (61.8%) lived in rental housing units.
In the state legislature, Hopland is in , and .
Federally, Hopland is in .
This page uses material from the Wikipedia article Hopland, CA, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 4.0.