Destin is a city located in Okaloosa County, Florida. It is a principal city of the Crestview–Fort Walton Beach–Destin, Florida, metropolitan area.
Located on Florida's Emerald Coast, Destin is known for its white beaches and emerald green waters. Originating as a small fishing village, it is now a popular tourist destination. According to the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, over 80 percent of the Emerald Coast's 4.5 million visitors each year visit Destin. The city styles itself "The World's Luckiest Fishing Village", and claims to have the largest fishing vessel fleet in the state of Florida.
The city is located on a peninsula separating the Gulf of Mexico from Choctawhatchee Bay. The peninsula was originally a barrier island. Hurricanes and sea level changes gradually connected it to the mainland. In the 1940s, it technically became an island again with the completion of the Choctawhatchee-West Bay Canal.
Destin is named after Leonard Destin, a New London, Connecticut fishing captain who settled in the area between 1845 and 1850. He built a New England colonial home at the location of the Moreno Point military reservation. Captain Destin and his descendants fished the area for decades.
Condominiums were first built in Destin during the 1970s, although Destin was not incorporated as a municipality until 1984. The city has experienced rapid growth since the 1980s.
The city is located on a peninsula separating the Gulf of Mexico from Choctawhatchee Bay. The peninsula was originally an island; hurricanes and sea level changes gradually connected the island to the mainland.
Destin is near several other cities in the region. The city of Fort Walton Beach is located to the west at the inlet of Santa Rosa Sound into Choctawhatchee Bay. North of Destin, across the bay is Niceville, with the Mid-Bay Bridge linking the two by road. U.S. Route 98 is the main route through the city, running from west to east. U.S. Route 98 leads east 56 mi (90 km) to Panama City and west 48 mi (77 km) to Pensacola.
At the western tip of the peninsula is East Pass (also known as Destin Pass), separating it from Santa Rosa Island to the west. East Pass is the only outlet of Choctawhatchee Bay into the Gulf of Mexico, Many sources claim that the current pass was dug by hand with an inrush of water widening it within hours. The early pass appears (at the East end of Destin Harbor) in early maps and surveys from Spanish, French, and English surveyors, such as Thomas Jefferys's 1775 map The Coast of West Florida and Louisiana. Frequent dredging is required to keep East Pass navigable.
"Crab Island," was actually two islands made from sand that the Army Corps of Engineers dredged up from the East Pass. These islands were large enough to inhabit sea grass, small shrubs and nesting seabirds. It has been reduced to a significant sandbar, which appears only when the tide is out. It has become a popular anchorage in the area. The entrance to Destin Harbor, a lagoon between the beaches and the main body of the western portion of the peninsula, is located just north of the East Pass jetty. The lagoon is formed by a sand spit named Holiday Isle; many condominiums have been built along the harbor since the 1970s. Norriego Point protects the harbor and was doubled in size in order to protect against coastal erosion.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of , of which is land and (7.95%) is water.
A 2013 study identified the city as one of the cities in Florida most in risk of inundation. A 2019 report by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection listed sections of the beach as "critically eroded".
The city received $11 million dollars from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill settlement. This was used to address coastal erosion on Norriego Point which protects the important harbor. Otherwise the city has not developed a plan to address sea level rise and coastal erosion.
As of the census of 2000, there were 11,455 people, 4,437 households, and 3,135 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,477.1 inhabitants per square mile (570.1/km). There were 10,599 housing units at an average density of 1,408.0 per square mile (543.5/km). The racial makeup of the city was 96.21% White, 0.37% African American, 0.40% Native American, 1.03% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 1.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.66% of the population.
24.8% of households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.7% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.72.
The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $53,042, and the median income for a family was $60,498. Males had a median income of $42,218 versus $26,146 for females. The per capita income for the city was $32,048. About 3.0% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over.
Arts and culture
thumb|right|Destin beach, showing the emerald green waters typical of the Emerald Coast
The white beaches and emerald waters of the Destin area draw many tourists. Florida's Department of Environmental Protection estimates that more than 80 percent of the Emerald Coast's 4.5 million yearly visitors travel to the region to visit Destin. Visitors can charter fishing vessels from the harbor, and there are 12 beach access points in the city. Among the access points is Henderson Beach State Recreation Area. A portion of the Gulf Islands National Seashore, the Okaloosa Day Use Area, is just across East Pass on Santa Rosa Island.
The sand on Destin's beaches is some of the whitest in the world. The sand comes from the Appalachian Mountains, and is made of finely ground quartz crystal giving the appearance of sugar. Residue flows down the Apalachicola River and is deposited into the Gulf of Mexico. Because of the currents the sand drifts west along the Gulf Coast and settles from east of Panama City to the Alabama coast.
Several events also take place throughout the year as well. For the month of October, the annual Destin Fishing Rodeo draws anglers to Destin each year since 1948. Also in the month of October is the Destin Seafood Festival, where fresh seafood and local artists gather for one weekend every October.
In addition to an assortment of hotels and motels, many high-rise condominiums are located in Destin. The first condominiums in Destin were built in the 1970s, and construction continues today. Visitors play a large part in Destin's economy – the city's population of around 12,000 balloons to 40,000 during the tourist season.
Real estate in Destin, Florida is consumed in large part by privately owned vacation rentals. Privately-owned vacation rentals that can be found in Destin consist of condominiums, beach homes, bungalows, townhomes, resorts, studios, cottages, and a few bungalows. Most vacation properties are found on the south side of US Hwy 98 near the Gulf, while most locals live on the northern side of US Hwy 98 by the Choctawhatchee Bay.
Destin's surroundings include other popular tourist destinations. Sandestin, Florida, located to the east in Walton County, is a popular golf and beach resort. Further east along the coast are the master-planned community of Seaside, filming location of the 1998 movie The Truman Show; Grayton Beach, Florida; and Rosemary Beach, Florida. To the west are Navarre Beach and Pensacola Beach, and the Civil War fortification Fort Pickens is located at the western end of Santa Rosa Island. Many celebrities own homes in the area.
The city government consists of a seven-member City Council.
Okaloosa County School District operates public schools, including:
Okaloosa County Public Library Cooperative (OCPLC)
The city of Destin is served by the Okaloosa County Public Library Cooperative (OCPLC). The mission of the OCPLC partnership is to serve residents of Okaloosa County with free public library services through the support and teamwork of the County and six municipal libraries: Crestview Public Library, Destin Library, Fort Walton Beach Library, Mary Esther Library, Niceville Library, and Valparaiso Community Library. Formed in October of 1997, the OCPLC originally included the county and the cities of Crestview, Mary Esther, and Niceville. The cities of Fort Walton Beach, Valparaiso, and Destin all joined the OCPLC by the year 2000. The OCPLC is governed by an independent inter-governmental agency with seven members and six alternates. Current Governing Board members include Nathan Boyles representing Okaloosa County, Cynthia Brown representing the city of Crestview, Florida, Rodney Braden representing the city of Destin, Florida, MG Moran representing the city of Fort Walton Beach, Florida, Bernie Oder representing the city of Mary Esther, Florida, Abner Williams representing the city of Niceville, Florida, and Kay Hamilton representing the city of Valparaiso, Florida.
Libraries in the OCPLC operate with a combination of county funding, distributed according to library productivity and municipal expenditure, and funding from each respective city. The six member libraries are staffed with over 60 trained experts. All libraries in the OCPLC offer computers and free wireless access for public use, books and other items for physical checkout, and access to downloadable eBooks, eAudiobooks, and digital magazines for checkout via Overdrive and Libby with a library card. The OCPLC partners with the Florida Department of Children and Families for social services registration, the Right Service at the Right Time] [https://web.archive.org/web/20200502032224/https://www.rightservicefl.org/ Archived] 2020-05-02 at the Wayback Machine guide for local assistance resources, and the [https://dos.myflorida.com/elections/ Florida Division of Elections for voter registration assistance. Other services the OCPLC offers include mobile career centers, job fairs, career counseling, income tax preparation, technology instruction, homework assistance and tutoring, meeting rooms, study spaces, online courses, group classes and cultural events for all ages, research assistance (including assistance with genealogy research), and digital media creation labs. Property owners and permanent residents of Okaloosa County are issued free library cards at any of the participating six libraries entitling them to the full services of the OCPLC.
The Destin Library is located in Destin, Florida, and part of the OCPLC. It was founded in 1940 as a volunteer-run community lending library with approximately 200 volumes. The original collection was largely donated by Albert Fox of Syracuse, New York. The library was first established in the Sunday school room of the [http://www.fpcdestin.org First Presbyterian Church of Destin] on Calhoun Avenue. Over the years, the collection was housed in several different locations. The library moved from the church to the upper floor of the old Destin Community Center building and then across the street to the purpose-built library at 108 Stahlman Avenue. The Stahlman Avenue library was expanded to include a thrift shop to support operations by the Friends of the Destin Library. This building is now home to the Destin History & Fishing Museum. In 1989, the library was incorporated into the city of Destin government as a department. It is now supported by city and county taxpayers. The Friends of the Destin Library continue to support library programming and facility improvements. In March of 2003, the library moved to its current location on Sibert Avenue. The 13,327 square foot building continued to evolve with the addition of private study rooms and a digital media lab in 2014. Today, the library provides patrons a safe space for selecting materials, reading, researching, studying, writing, and attending library or community sponsored programs and meetings. Property owners and permanent residents of Okaloosa County are issued free library cards at any of the participating six libraries entitling them to the full services of the OCPLC. Fee-based library cards are available for out-of-county patrons and seasonal visitors. The Destin Library’s mission is to provide quality professional information services, recreational reading, viewing and listening materials, and programming to the community.
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