Cicero is a town in northern Onondaga County, New York, United States. The population was 31,632 at the 2010 census. The name of the town was assigned by a clerk interested in the classics, honoring Cicero, a Roman statesman.
The Town of Cicero is in the central part of New York, north of Syracuse.
It is a northern suburb of Syracuse and is located in the northeastern section of Onondaga County.
Cicero was one of the townships of the former Central New York Military Tract, land reserved for soldiers of the American Revolution.
The Town of Cicero was formed in 1790 as a Township in the Military Tract, but was part of the Town of Lysander when Onondaga County was formed in 1794 and was separated from Lysander in 1807. The first settler to arrive was John Leach, who established a tavern at Cody's Corners.
In 1827 the town was split approximately in half, with the western portion of Cicero becoming the Town of Clay.
The Stone Arabia School was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2007.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of , of which is land and (0.10%) is water.
The northern town line of Cicero, marked by the Oneida River, is the border of Oswego County. The eastern town boundary is the border of Madison County, marked by the Chittenango Creek.
At the northern border of Cicero is Oneida Lake, one of the largest bodies of water located within New York State. Also within Cicero is a fairly large swamp named Cicero Swamp. Cicero consists of mainly wetland, forests, farms and a large and growing number of housing developments encroaching on farmland. The soils are mostly brown silt loams and loams with slight to moderate acidity in surface layers (subsoils may be somewhat alkaline); their drainage varies.
U.S. Route 11, Interstate 81, Interstate 481, and New York State Route 31 pass through Cicero. New York State Route 298 intersects NY-31 near the eastern town line. Michael Airfield, a single runway general aviation airport, is located within Cicero.
The reconstructed Erie Canal follows the Oneida River along the northern town line.
thumb|200px|left|Oneida Lake from Williams Park in Cicero.
As of the census of 2000, there were 27,982 people, 10,538 households, and 7,692 families residing in the town. The population density was 577.4 people per square mile (222.9/km2). There were 11,033 housing units at an average density of 227.7 per square mile (87.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.31% White, 1.19% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.88% of the population.
thumb|150px|right|Cicero is currently undergoing a retail renaissance. Old run-down properties are redeveloped into new retail plazas like this one called The Marketplace.
There were 10,538 households, out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 28.1% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $50,055, and the median income for a family was $57,531. Males had a median income of $41,038 versus $26,983 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,527. About 3.9% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations within Cicero
thumb|180px|right|Syracuse Research Corporation Headquarters is located in Cicero.
This page uses material from the Wikipedia article Cicero, NY, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0. Township-6t4ab-c4u-75d-ef78-iy9