Calpella (Pomo: Kalpela, meaning "Mussel bearer") is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Mendocino County, California. It is located on the Russian River, north of Ukiah. It is situated within the Ukiah Valley, at the intersection of U.S. Route 101 and State Route 20. The population was 679 at the 2010 census. The small town is the site of the Mendocino Redwood Company mill and offices, which controls ten percent of the private land in the county.
Col. C.H. Veeder and James Pettus, Veeder's son-in-law, founded the town in 1858. It is named after Kalpela, the chief of the nearby Pomo village of Chomchadila. His name comes from Northern Pomo khál phíila, meaning "carrying mussels down".
For a time, it rivaled Ukiah in importance.
The Calpella post office opened in 1860, closed in 1868, reopened in 1872, was discontinued for a time, and moved in 1920.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of , 99.07% of it land and 0.93% of it water.
This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above . According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Calpella has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Calpella had a population of 679. The population density was 265.1 people per square mile (102.4/km). The racial makeup of Calpella was 465 (68.5%) White, 3 (0.4%) African American, 25 (3.7%) Native American, 3 (0.4%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 145 (21.4%) from other races, and 38 (5.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 256 persons (37.7%).
The Census reported that 679 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 253 households, out of which 89 (35.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 121 (47.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 37 (14.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 19 (7.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 25 (9.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 3 (1.2%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 56 households (22.1%) were made up of individuals, and 20 (7.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68. There were 177 families (70.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.13.
The population was spread out, with 171 people (25.2%) under the age of 18, 74 people (10.9%) aged 18 to 24, 177 people (26.1%) aged 25 to 44, 188 people (27.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 69 people (10.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 108.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.
There were 272 housing units at an average density of 106.2 per square mile (41.0/km), of which 124 (49.0%) were owner-occupied, and 129 (51.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.4%. 329 people (48.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 350 people (51.5%) lived in rental housing units.
In the state legislature, Calpella is in , and .
Federally, Calpella is in .
This page uses material from the Wikipedia article Calpella, CA, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 4.0.